Saturday, 7 January 2012

Glossary - Fixed Income

Investors/Bond holders/Lenders: Those who have purchased the bonds or invested in the company

Borrowers/Bond issuers: Those who have issued the bonds.

Bond Indenture: The contract that specifies all rights of the investors & obligations of the issuers.

Covenants: Provisions of the bond indenture.

Affirmative covenants: Actions that borrowers promise to perform e.g. maintenance of certain financial ratios, timely payment of principal and interest etc.

Negative covenants: Prohibitions on the borrowers e.g. restrictions on additional borrowings, negative pledge of collateral etc.

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